A programming language is used to control the actions of a machine. Such a language is a properly drafted or constructed language when it is designed in such a way that through it instructions can be communicated to a computer system. It is generally split into two components that are the semantics and the syntax. The syntax is the form or type, the semantics are the meaning of that type or form. Every programming language is different; some may be marked by a specification documents, others may have a dominant implementation or a reference. A programming language thus broadly is a notation that helps to write programs that are identified as an algorithm.

Let’s learn about some of the top languages in detail.

JavaScript is one of the most popular and dynamic programming languages used for creating and developing websites. This language is capable of achieving several things including controlling the browser, editing content on a document that has been displayed, allowing client-side scripts to communicate with users and also asynchronous communication. It was developed by Netscape and borrows a lot of its syntax from C language. JavaScript is used very widely and effectively in creating desktop applications as well as for developing games.

As a developer or a website owner it is one of the few programming languages that are accepted and supported by all the major browsers without the need of any compilers or plug-ins. It can also be worked with platforms that are not web-based, for example-desktop widgets and PDF docs. This is a multi-paradigm language which means that it has a combination of features. Also, JavaScript supports functional and object-oriented programming styles.

This language is an object-oriented, class-based language that was developed by Sun Microsystems in the 1990s. Since then, the language continues to be the most in-demand language that also acts as a standard platform for enterprises and several mobile and games developers across the world. The app has been designed in such a way that it works across several types of platforms. This means that if a program is written on Mac Operating system then it can also run on Windows based operating systems.

If you’re looking for an open-source, interpreted language that places an emphasis on highly readable code, Python is the general purpose programming language for you. Python has a large standard library loaded with pre-coded functions for every occasion—which allows programmers to do more with fewer lines of code.
Python’s easy-to-learn code has earned it the affection of many within the scientific community, where it can be used to process large datasets. On the back-end, the Django framework excels at rapid prototyping and development, making it a favorite among startups like Pinterest and Instagram.

CSS or Cascading Style Sheets is rather a markup language. When paired with HTML, CSS allows a developer to decide and define how a web page or a website will eventually look or how it will appear to the visitors of the web platform. Some of the elements which CSS has an impact on include font size, font style, the overall layout, the colors and other design elements. This is a markup language that can be applied to several types of documents including Plain XML documents, SVG documents as well as XUL documents. For most websites across the world, CSS is the platform to opt for if they need help to create visually attractive webpages and finds use not just in the creation of web applications but also mobile apps.

Microsoft’s answer to Java, C# is a programming language hybrid of C and C++ used to develop software for their .NET platform — a framework for building and running applications and XML web services. If you’re building websites or apps for the Microsoft ecosystem, C# is the way to go. MSN, Salesforce, and of course Microsoft’s own website are all examples of major sites that use C# and ASP.NET as part of their back-end builds.

The term ‘PHP’ is used to define PHP Hypertext Processor language that is a free server-side scripting language that has been designed for not just web development but also as a general-purpose programming platform. This is a widely used language that was created in the year 2004 and now powers over 200 million websites worldwide. Some popular examples of websites powered by this platform include Facebook, WordPress, and Digg.com.

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